Methods of research in sociology

Logic: Simple deduction is often used to discern truth from falsity and is the primary way of knowing used in philosophy.In both cases, however, how this is done is very important as it should be done with enough precision that independent researchers should be able to use your description of your measurement or construction of categories, and repeat either or both.Thus, while these two variables are correlated, ice cream consumption does not cause crime or vice versa.Detailed record keeping is essential, to aid in recording and reporting on the experimental results, and providing evidence of the effectiveness and integrity of the procedure.

Research methods |

The operational definition of a thing often relies on comparisons with standards: the operational definition of mass ultimately relies on the use of an artifact, such as a certain kilogram of platinum kept in a laboratory in France.Formulate a hypothesis: Refine your research question in a way that will add new information to the existing research literature, expressing it in the form of a testable research hypothesis.A useful quantitative hypothesis will enable predictions, by deductive reasoning, that can be experimentally assessed.Predictions refer to experimental designs with a currently unknown outcome.

The investigator may seek either confirmation or falsification of the hypothesis, and refinement or understanding of the data.Qualitative research methods originated in the social and behavioral sciences: sociology,.The social scientist attempts to see the world from their perspective and to interpret their practices in a meaningful way.That such debates are intertwined with larger moral concerns is demonstrated by Smith 2005 and Van Manen 1990, both of which argue that qualitative methods are uniquely suited to study the lives of oppressed and subaltern groups.

Unfortunately, this does not always happen, as several high profile cases illustrate (e.g., the Regnerus Affair ).Within sociology, qualitative research is typically focused on.Today, qualitative sociology encompasses a variety of specific procedures for collecting data, ranging from life history interviews to direct observation of social interaction to embedded participant observation.Tradition: Many people who live in societies that have not experienced industrialization decide what to do in the future by repeating what was done in the past.

A hypothesis includes a suggested explanation of the subject.

What methods are used in sociological research? - Quora

By definition, sociological research is the scientific means of acquiring information about various aspects of society and.They will also assist in reproducing the experimental results.Research on adults also requires informed consent and participants are never forced to participate.Qualitative sociologists generally employ observational and analytic techniques that allow them to contextualize observed patterns in relation to existing hierarchies or assumptions within natural settings.


Learn more about research and methodology within the field of sociology. Research, Samples, and Statistics. An Overview of Qualitative Research Methods.

Identify the population and draw a sample: A population is the group a researcher is interested in learning about.Not logged in Discussion for this IP address Contributions Create account Log in.

Sociology 317 • Research Methods in Sociology

Because these models require a larger number of cases to establish statistically significant associations, quantitative researchers necessarily must sacrifice depth for breadth.Testing (informing the validity of the hypothesis by comparing it against carefully gathered, meaningful sensory input).While there are sociologists who employ and encourage the use of only one or the other method, many sociologists see benefits in combining the approaches.In short, to operationalize a variable means creating an operational definition for a concept someone intends to measure.

Doctors may do this with a double-blind study: two virtually identical groups of patients are compared, one of which receives the drug and one of which receives a placebo.Katz 1997, Burawoy 1998, and Steinmetz 2005, in turn, defend ethnography against recent critiques that it does not represent a legitimate mode of inquiry according to the standards of positivist science.Qualitative researchers, in contrast, are comfortable working with a small number of cases, or even a single case.


Sociological research projects typically rest somewhere on a continuum from.Further, quantitative sociologists typically believe in the possibility of scientifically demonstrating causation, and typically utilize analytic deduction (e.g., explore existing findings and deduce potential hypotheses that may be tested in new data).It focuses on the applied aspects of qualitative methods for simultaneously teaching and learning from our subjects.If results contradict the predictions, then the hypothesis under examination is incorrect or incomplete and requires either revision or abandonment.The same was true in much of Europe, as Masson 2008 describes in the case of France.

Scientific measurements are usually tabulated, graphed, or mapped, and statistical manipulations, such as correlation and regression, performed on them.Six of the most popular sociological research methods (procedures) are listed below.